Hello Friends

Here is something I stumbled upon while doing a video editing app.
Video editing is a real PITA.
So here is some code to add a frame (Watermark) to a video in iOS

You just need to use a CALayer and AVVideoCompositionCoreAnimationTool.

AVURLAsset* videoAsset = [[AVURLAsset alloc]initWithURL:outputFileURL options:nil];
AVMutableComposition* mixComposition = [AVMutableComposition composition];

AVMutableCompositionTrack *compositionVideoTrack = [mixComposition addMutableTrackWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo preferredTrackID:kCMPersistentTrackID_Invalid];
AVAssetTrack *clipVideoTrack = [[videoAsset tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] objectAtIndex:0];

//If you need audio as well add the Asset Track for audio here

[compositionVideoTrack insertTimeRange:CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, videoAsset.duration) ofTrack:clipVideoTrack atTime:kCMTimeZero error:nil];

[compositionVideoTrack setPreferredTransform:[[[videoAsset tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] objectAtIndex:0] preferredTransform]];

With just this code you would be able to export the video but we want to add the layer with the watermark first.
Please note that some code may seem redundant but it is necessary for everything to work.
First we create the layer with the watermark image:

UIImage *myImage = [UIImage imageNamed:@"icon.png"];
CALayer *aLayer = [CALayer layer];
aLayer.contents = (id)myImage.CGImage;
aLayer.frame = CGRectMake(5, 25, 57, 57); //Needed for proper display. We are using the app icon (57x57). If you use 0,0 you will not see it
aLayer.opacity = 0.65; //Feel free to alter the alpha here

If you want a text instead of image here is the code

CATextLayer *titleLayer = [CATextLayer layer];
titleLayer.string = @"Text goes here";
titleLayer.font = @"Helvetica";
titleLayer.fontSize = videoSize.height / 6;
//?? titleLayer.shadowOpacity = 0.5;
titleLayer.alignmentMode = kCAAlignmentCenter;
titleLayer.bounds = CGRectMake(0, 0, videoSize.width, videoSize.height / 6); //You may need to adjust this for proper display

The following code sorts the layer in proper order:

CGSize videoSize = [videoAsset naturalSize];
CALayer *parentLayer = [CALayer layer];
CALayer *videoLayer = [CALayer layer];
parentLayer.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, videoSize.width, videoSize.height);
videoLayer.frame = CGRectMake(0, 0, videoSize.width, videoSize.height);
[parentLayer addSublayer:videoLayer];
[parentLayer addSublayer:aLayer];
[parentLayer addSublayer:titleLayer]; //ONLY IF WE ADDED TEXT

Now we are creating the composition and add the instructions to insert the layer:

AVMutableVideoComposition* videoComp = [[AVMutableVideoComposition videoComposition] retain];
videoComp.renderSize = videoSize;
videoComp.frameDuration = CMTimeMake(1, 30);
videoComp.animationTool = [AVVideoCompositionCoreAnimationTool videoCompositionCoreAnimationToolWithPostProcessingAsVideoLayer:videoLayer inLayer:parentLayer];

/// instruction
AVMutableVideoCompositionInstruction *instruction = [AVMutableVideoCompositionInstruction videoCompositionInstruction];
instruction.timeRange = CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, [mixComposition duration]);
AVAssetTrack *videoTrack = [[mixComposition tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] objectAtIndex:0];
AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction* layerInstruction = [AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction videoCompositionLayerInstructionWithAssetTrack:videoTrack];
instruction.layerInstructions = [NSArray arrayWithObject:layerInstruction];
videoComp.instructions = [NSArray arrayWithObject: instruction];

And now we are ready to export:

_assetExport = [[AVAssetExportSession alloc] initWithAsset:mixComposition presetName:AVAssetExportPresetMediumQuality];//AVAssetExportPresetPassthrough
_assetExport.videoComposition = videoComp;

NSString* videoName = @"mynewwatermarkedvideo.mov";

NSString *exportPath = [NSTemporaryDirectory() stringByAppendingPathComponent:videoName];
NSURL *exportUrl = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:exportPath];

if ([[NSFileManager defaultManager] fileExistsAtPath:exportPath])
[[NSFileManager defaultManager] removeItemAtPath:exportPath error:nil];

_assetExport.outputFileType = AVFileTypeQuickTimeMovie;
_assetExport.outputURL = exportUrl;
_assetExport.shouldOptimizeForNetworkUse = YES;

[strRecordedFilename setString: exportPath];

[_assetExport exportAsynchronouslyWithCompletionHandler:
^(void ) {
[_assetExport release];

[audioAsset release];
[videoAsset release];

Hope this helps somebody